Location is the ninth core element. This element describes where the source was accessed/can be found. Locations can be cities, page numbers, URLs, DOIs, disc numbers, etc.
- The location used depends on the medium of the source.
- For print sources, the location is the page number or range of page numbers.
- The format is "p. 166" for one page and "pp. 123-166" for a range of pages. For articles that do not have consecutive pages, use only the first page number and a plus sign: p. 166+
- For online sources, the location is the DOI (if available), permalink (if available) or URL. Please read https://style.mla.org/2016/11/02/urls-some-practical-advice/ for guideline on how to shorten the URL when it is more than three full lines long, or refer to MLA Handbook 5.96.
- Omit the URL protocol (http:// or https://) unless you want to provide live link for your online text.
- For a DVD, use the disc number.
- For physical objects like artwork or live events, use the place where the work was heard or viewed.
- Optional elements include:
- the original date of publication, if it is relevant to the use of the source. Place the original date of publication after the source's title followed by a period.
- original city of publication for sources published prior to 1900, or books with different versions depending upon the audience, like a book available in a British or American version. Place the city name before the publication date followed by a comma.
- This element ends with a period.
Brinkley, Alan. The Unfinished Nation: A Concise History of the American People. 7th ed. McGraw Hill. 2014, p. 525.
Print journal, magazine, or newspaper article:
Dickman, Kylie. "Apocalypse in the Garden State." Rolling Stone, no. 1260, 5 May 2016, pp. 36-9.
Journal, magazine, or newspaper article from an online database:
Tucker, Virginia M., et al. “Learning Portals: Analyzing Threshold Concept Theory for LIS Education.” Journal of Education for Library and Information Science, vol. 55, no. 2, Apr. 2014, pp. 150-65. ERIC, www.eric.ed.gov/contentdelivery/servlet/ERICServlet?accno=EJ1074326.
Magazine article from a Website:
Garber, Megan. "The Trump Campaign Just Became Literature." The Atlantic, 28 June 2016, www.theatlantic.com/entertainment/archive/2016/06/the-trump-campaign-just-became-literature/489140/.
Television series episode:
"Something Nice Back Home." Lost, directed by Stephen Williams, performance by Matthew Fox, season 4, episode 10, American Broadcasting, 1 May 2008.
"The H Bomb: Making up for Lost Time: Lost." YouTube, uploaded by ABC's Lost, 24 Nov. 2009, www.youtube.com/watch?v=ueh4yEcjCp4.
Part of the information above is adapted from IRSC Libraries.