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MLA Citation Style 9th Edition: E-Mail Message/ Blog / Podcast / Tweet

Email Message (MLA 29)

Citation description:
Sender's Last name, First name. "Subject line of email." Received by (name of receiver), Date of email.

Citation example:
Abbott, Emily. "Re: How to format an annotated bibliography." Received by Marilyn Brown, 21 Nov. 2016.

Blog / Listserv / Discussion Group Posting

Citation format according to Purdue OWL (Online Writing Lab):

Citation description:

Editor, screen name, author, or compiler name (if available). “Posting Title.” Name of Site, Version number (if available), Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site (sponsor or publisher), URL without http:// or https://. Date of access.

Citation example:

“SWC Teachers Suspended after Rally Participation.” Save Our Southwestern College, 23 Oct. 2009,  7:30 a.m., Accessed 17 Nov. 2009.

Podcast or Posting on a Social Media Site

Cite as a short work from a Web site. Use the text of the post as the title in quotations; if no title, label it as Post.

Citation example:

"I Thought the Truth Would Be Enough." Only Human, from NPR, June 28 2016,



Citation description:

User's Twitter handle. "Text of the entire tweet; including any hashtags." Twitter, date, time, URL (with http:// or https:// if you are submitting an online report).

Citation example:

@Steven_Hawking. "Run, jump, throw: The physics behind Olympic events explained." Twitter, 12 Aug. 2016, 5:30 a.m.,


For more examples, please refer to MLA Style Center.