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MLA Citation Style 9th Edition: In-text Citation Examples for Other formats

In-text citation examples for other formats

Material Type In-text Citation Works Cited

a legal case
Note: the case name is italicized in in-text citation, but not in Works cited list.

(Fullilove v. Klutznick)   

Fullilove v. Klutznick. 448 U.S. 448. 448-554. No. 78-1007. US Supreme Court. 1980. 

For legal citations, MLA suggests consulting The Chicago Manual of Style which refers to The Bluebook: A Uniform System of Citation (Harvard Law Review Association) (MLA 105). For more informaiton please refer to

a speech  (Nazario)   

Nazario, Sonia. “A call to Consciousness.” Skyline College Lecture Series, 10 Oct. 2016, San Bruno, California. Speech.

a Lecture or Live Performance



Hawking, Stephen. “Black holes ain't as black as they are painted.” BBC Reith Lectures, BBC Radio 4, 2 Feb. 2016. Lecture.

Brown, Edmund G., Jr. State of the State Address. 21 Jan. 2016, California State Capitol, Sacramento. Address. 

a time-based media (audio or video recordings)
Note: cite the relevant time or range of times if necessary.

(King, 00:11:54-00:12:10)

King, Martin Luther, Jr. “Freedom’s Ring.” Freedom’s Ring: King’s “I Have a Dream” Speech, The Martin Luther King, Jr. Research and Education Institute at Stanford University/ Beacon Press, 20 Aug. 2013, .Accessed 28 Mar. 2017.

an artwork or museum image viewed firsthand 


Rodin, Auguste. The Thinker. Circa 1880, cast circa 1904, sculpture, The Legion of Honor, San Francisco, California.

a tweet

(Steven_ Hawking)

@Steven_Hawking. "Run, jump, throw: The physics behind Olympic events explained." Twitter, 12 Aug 2016, 5:30 a.m.,

a press release  

((International Agency 1)

International  Agency for Research  on  Cancer. "Latest Global Data on Cancer Burden and Alcohol Consumption: More than 740 000 New Cases of Cancer in 2020 Attributed to Alcohol ."  World Health Organization ,14 July 2021, Press release.