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Capuchino High School

Welcome to Skyline College Library

Welcome, IB students of Capuchino High!

This Student Research Guide is designed to help you find, understand and cite articles for your research paper using resources available to you through Skyline College Library.

Please use the dark RED tabs on the left  to search for Introducing OneSearch, The Research Question, Search StrategyArticle Databases, Evaluating Search Results, and Citing Sources

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Assignment Topics

Emergence of the Americas in global affairs (1880–1929) 

This section focuses on the impact of modernization in the region on foreign policy, including an exploration of the involvement of the region in the First World War. Modernization shaped the new nations, and its effects created the basis for a major shift in the foreign policies of the region. By the end of the 19th century, for example, the United States played a more active role in world affairs and in the affairs of Latin America in particular, thus transforming inter-American relations. When the First World War ended, its impact was felt in the economic, social and foreign policies of the participating countries.

  • United States’ expansionist foreign policies: political, economic, social and ideological reasons
  •  Spanish–American War (1898): causes and effects
  •  Impact of United States’ foreign policies: the Big Stick; Dollar Diplomacy; Moral Diplomacy
  • United States and the First World War: from neutrality to involvement; reasons for US entry into the First World War; Wilson’s peace ideals and the struggle for ratification of the Treaty of Versailles in the United States; significance of the war for the United States’ hemispheric status
  • Involvement of either Canada
  • or one Latin American country in the First World War: nature of, and reasons for, involvement
  • Impact of the First World War on any two countries of the Americas: economic, political, social and foreign policies

Assignment Topics

The Great Depression and the Americas (mid 1920s–1939) 

This section focuses on the causes and nature of the Great Depression as well as the different solutions adopted by governments in the region, and the impact on these societies. The Great Depression produced the most serious economic collapse in the history of the Americas. It affected every country in the region and brought about the need to rethink economic and political systems. The alternatives that were offered, and the adaptations that took place, marked a watershed in political and economic development in many countries in the region. With respect to the last three bullets, a case-study approach should be adopted, using one country from the region as an example. The chosen country should be identified in the introduction to the examination answers.

  • The Great Depression: political and economic causes in the Americas
  • Nature and efficacy of solutions in the United States: Hoover; Franklin D Roosevelt and the New Deal
  • Critics of the New Deal; impact of the New Deal on US political and economic systems
  • Nature and efficacy of solutions in Canada: Mackenzie King and RB Bennett
  • Impact of the Great Depression on Latin America; political instability and challenges to democracy; economic and social challenges
  • Latin American responses to the Great Depression: import substitution industrialization (ISI); social and economic policies; popular mobilization and repression
  • Impact of the Great Depressio on society: specifically the impact on women and minorities; impact of the Great Depression on the arts and culture 

Add Civil Rights

Civil rights and social movements in the Americas post‑1945 

This section examines the origins, nature, challenges and achievements of civil rights and social movements after 1945. Causes of some of these movements may be pre-1945. These movements represented the attempts to achieve equality for groups that were not recognized or accepted as full members of society, and they challenged established authority and attitudes. 

  • Indigenous peoples and civil rights in the Americas
  • African Americans and the civil rights movement: origins, tactics and organizations; the US Supreme Court and legal challenges to segregation in education; ending of segregation in the south (1955–1980)
  • Role of Dr. Martin Luther King Jr in the civil rights movement; the rise of radical African American activism (1965–1968): Black Panthers; Black Power and Malcolm X; role of governments in civil rights movements in the Americas
  • Feminist movements in the Americas; reasons for emergence; impact and significance
  • Hispanic American movement in the United States; Cesar Chavez; immigration reform
  • Youth culture and protests of the 1960s and 1970s: characteristics and manifestation of a counterculture

Japanese expansion in East Asia (1931–1941)

Japanese expansion in East Asia (1931–1941)

Causes of expansion 

  • The impact of Japanese nationalism and militarism on foreign policy
  • Japanese domestic issues: political and economic issues, and their impact on foreign relations
  • Political instability in China

Events

  • Japanese invasion of Manchuria and northern China (1931)
  • Sino-Japanese War (1937–1941)
  • The Three Power/Tripartite Pact; the outbreak of war; Pearl Harbor (1941)

Responses

  • League of Nations and the Lytton report
  • Political developments within
  • China—the Second United Front
  • International response, including
  • US initiatives and increasing tensions between the US and Japan

German and Italian expansion (1933–1940)

German and Italian expansion (1933–1940)

Causes of expansion

  • Impact of fascism and Nazism on the foreign policies of Italy and Germany
  • Impact of domestic economic issues on the foreign policies of Italy and Germany
  • Changing diplomatic alignments in Europe; the end of collective security; appeasement

Events

  • German challenges to the post-war settlements (1933–1938) 
  • Italian expansion: Abyssinia (1935–1936); Albania; entry into the Second World War
  • German expansion (1938–1939); Pact of Steel, Nazi–Soviet Pact and the outbreak of war

Responses

  • International response to German aggression (1933–1938)
  • International response to Italian aggression (1935–1936)
  • International response to German and Italian aggression (1940)