Skip to Main Content

APA Citation Style: What is a Reference List

APA Citation Format (Commonly used for psychology and other social science papers)

Difference between Reference Lists and Bibliographies


Reference List Bibliography
"References provide the information necessary for readers to identify and retrieve each work cited in the text." A reference list contains works that specifically support the ideas, claims, and concepts in a paper. ---- A bibliography provides works for background or further reading and may include descriptive notes (e.g., an annotated bibliography).


Basic Elements of a Reference List

Generally a reference list entry consists for four elements:

Author -- Who created the work? Click here for information on how to format author names.

Date -- When was it published? Click here for information on how to format date.

Title -- What is the name of the work?  Click here for information on how to format title.

Source -- Where was the work published?  Click here fo rinformation on how to format source.

Quick Reference Guide