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APA Citation Style: Putting the Reference List together

APA Citation Format (Commonly used for psychology and other social science papers)


Reference list at the end of the paper (See pp. 193–224 in the Publication Manual for complete examples)

• The heading (centered, no italics/bold/underline) on the page of sources should be References.

• Double space the entire list, both between and within entries.  

• Arrange entries alphabetically by the last name of the first author of each work. If no author is given, start with the first significant word in the title.

• In dates, include in parentheses as much of the date as is provided – (year, month day) if possible, or (year, month), or (year).

• In titles:

    • Italicize book and full journal title and maintain the punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title.
    • Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as essays in edited collections and journal articles.
    • of articles and books (but not journal titles), capitalize only the first word of the title and subtitle, and proper names. the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns.

•  Italicize the volume number.

•  Each entry starts at the left margin. If there is more than one line, each subsequent line should be indented one-half inch (“hanging indent” in the Paragraph menu of Microsoft Word)

•  If the article has a DOI (digital object identification) number, you should include this after the page numbers.

•  If you accessed the article online from a database and there is no DOI, cite the article as a print article; do not include database information. If the article is from an online journal, magazine, or newspaper, include the URL at the end of the reference.