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Cybersecurity: Data Privacy

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California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA)

California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA)

The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA), enacted in 2018 and taking effect on Jan. 1, 2020, gives consumers in California additional rights and protections regarding how businesses may use their personal information. The CCPA imposes many obligations on businesses that are similar to those required by the General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) enacted by the European Union (EU). Nonetheless, a business that already complies with the GDPR may have additional obligations under the CCPA.1


  • The California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA) took effect on Jan. 1, 2020.
  • It gives consumers in that state added rights regarding their personal data.
  • Businesses face various obligations in order to comply.
  • In 2020, California voters approved Proposition 24, which expanded the CCPA and established the Privacy Protection Agency. These provisions take effect in 2023.


Quoted from:
Kolakowski, M. (2021, July 8). California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA). Investopedia

Europe's GDPR Law

General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)

The General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) is a legal framework that sets guidelines for the collection and processing of personal information from individuals who live in the European Union (EU). Since the Regulation applies regardless of where websites are based, it must be heeded by all sites that attract European visitors, even if they don't specifically market goods or services to EU residents.

The GDPR mandates that EU visitors be given a number of data disclosures. The site must also take steps to facilitate such EU consumer rights as a timely notification in the event of personal data being breached. Adopted in April 2016, the Regulation came into full effect in May 2018, after a two-year transition period.


Quoted from:
Frankenfield, J. (2020, November 11). General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Investopedia

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