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APA Citation Style : Articles

APA Citation Format (Commonly used for psychology and other social science papers)

Basic Rules for Articles in Newspaper, Magazine, or Journal

  • Hanging indentation
  • Authors' names are inverted (last name first); give the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work for up to and including seven authors.
  • Alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.
  • Provide full journal title; italicize the title, and maintain the punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title.
  • In title of articles, capitalize only the first word, the first word after a colon or em dash (-), and proper nouns. Do not capitalize the second word of a hyphenated compound (4.15).
  • Include in parentheses as much of the date as is provided (year, month day) if possible, or (year, month), or (year).
  • Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles.
  • Italicize the volume number.
  • If the article has a DOI (digital object identification) number, you should include this after the page numbers.
  • If you accessed the article online and there is no DOI, use the URL of the website from which you retrieved the article. 

Magazine article

Citation description:

Author's last name, First initial. Middle initial (if any). (Year, Month Day (if given)). Title of article. Title of Magazine, volume number (issue number), Page numbers of article.

Citation examples:

Baars, B. (2015) Business as usual: The exploitation of hip hop. Library Journal, 140 (20), 63.

Frank, M. (1993, June) The wild, wild west. Architectural Digest, 50, 180-186, 199

Journal article

Citation description:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year of Publication). Title of article.Title of Journal, volume number (issue number), pagesdoi:xx.xxxx/xyzxxxxxxx (or http://dx.doi.org/xx.xxxx/xyzxxxxxxx)

Citation example:

a. Two to seven authors -- Note: Invert all authors' names; give last names and initials for all authors, Regardless of the number of authors. List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, while the last author name is preceded by ampersand (&).

Harachi, T. W., Fleming, C. B., White, H. R., Ensminger, M. E., Abbott, R. D., Catalano, R. F., & Haggerty, K. P. (2006). Aggressive behavior among girls and boys during middle childhood: predictors and sequelae of trajectory group membership. Aggr. Behav. Aggressive Behavior, 32(4), 279-293.

b. More than seven authors -- List by last names and initials; commas separate author names. After the sixth author's name, use an ellipses (...) in place of the author names; followed by the final author name. There should be no more than seven names. 

Kikuchi, Y., Kashii, Y., Gunji, Y., Morimoto, A., Masuzawa, A., Takatsuka, Y., ... Momoi, M. Y. (2011). Six-year-old girl with primary cutaneous aggressive epidermotropic CD8. Pediatrics International, 53(3), 393-396. doi:10.1111/j.1442-200X.2011.03369.x

Newspaper article

Citation description:
Author's last name, First initial. Middle initial (if any). (Year, Month Day). Title of article. Title of Newspaper, pp. section and page number(s).
Citation example:

Homayoun, A. (2017, June 8). 'Closed.’ ‘fake.’ ‘private’: The secret social, medialLives of teenagers.. New York Times, p. B8.

Electronic version:

Homayoun, A. (2017, June 8)'Closed.’ ‘fake.’ ‘private’: The secret social media lives of teenagers.New York Times.Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com.

Electronic copy of a journal article retrieved from a database

Citation description:
When referencing material obtained by searching an article database (such as EbscoHost or Proquest databases), follow the format appropriate to the work retrieved and add a retrieval statement that gives either the URL of the database or the DOI. If the database entry includes a DOI for the article, use the DOI number at the end; if there is no DOI, include the URL for the database.
Citation examples:

Jennings, Jerry L. (2007). Dreams without disguise: The self-evident nature of. Humanistic Psychologist, 35, 253-274. doi: 10.1080/08873260701415413.

Ayalon, L & Young, M. E. (2005). Racial group differences in help-seeking behaviors. Journal of Social Psychology, 145, 443-449. Retrieved from http://web.ebscohost.com.

Article for which the full text is accessed from the Internet

Citation description:
Article information as shown above for magazine, journal or newspaper with the addition of: Retrieved from URL (web address).
Citation example:

Jacobson, J. W., Mulick, J. A., & Schwartz, A. A. (1999). A history of facilitated communication: Science, pseudoscience, and antiscience: Science working group on facilitated communication. American Psychologist, 50, 750-765. Retrieved from http://www.apa.org/journals

Article from an online journal

Citation description:
Article information as shown above for magazine, journal or newspaper, with the addition of: Retrieved from URL (web address).
Citation example:

Gmytrasiewicz, P. J. & Doshi, P. (2005). A framework for sequential planning in multi-agent settings. Journal of Artifical Intelligence Research, 24, 49-79. Retrieved from http://www.cs.cmu.edu/afs/cs/project/jair/pub/volume24/gmytrasiewicz05a.pdf