Skip to main content

APA Citation Style: Books

APA Citation Format (Commonly used for psychology and other social science papers)

Basic Rules for Reference List

  • Hanging indentation
  • Authors' names are inverted (last name first); give the last name and initials for all authors of a particular work for up to and including seven authors.
  • Alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work.
  • Italicize book titles; capitalize only the first word, the first word after a colon or em dash (-), and proper nouns. Do not capitalize the second word of a hyphenated compound (4.15). 
  • Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as essays in edited collections.
  • Capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns.
  • Do not include the publisher location.
  • Do not create references for chapters of books by the same authors. Instead, write a reference for the whole book and cite the chapter in the text if desired (e.g., Cassam, 2019, Chapter 2).

Books with a single author

Citation description:
Author's last name, First initial. Middle initial (if any). (Year of publication). Title
Publisher.
Citation example:

Gamson, J. R. (1994). Claims to fame: Celebrity in contemporary America. University California Press.

 

 

Books with two or more authors -- APA 7th ed. allows listing of as many as twenty authors

Citation description for two to twenty authors
Invert all authors' names; give last names and initials for all authors, regardless of the number of authors. List by last names and initials; commas separate author names, precede the last author's name by ampersand (&).
Format:

First author's last name, First initial. Middle initial (if any), Second author's last name, First initial., Middle initial (if any), & Last author's last name, First initial. Middle initial (if any), (Year of publication). TitlePublisher.

Citation example:

a. Two authors

Stewart, D. W., & Furse, D. H. (1986). Effective television advertising: A study of 1000 commercialsLexington Books.

b. Seven authors 

Churchill, R., Ferguson, P., Godinho, S., Johnson, N. F., Keddie, A., Lets, W., & Mackay, J. (2013). Teaching: Making a differenceJohn Wiley & Sons.

Citation description for more than twenty authors:
List by last names and initials; commas separate author names. After the nineteenth author's name, use an ellipses (...) in place of the author names; followed by the final author name.

Format:

First author's last name, First initial. Middle initial (if any), Second author's last name, First initial., Middle initial (if any), third author's last name, First initial. Middle initial (if any), Fourth  author's last name, First initial. Middle initial (if any), Fifth author's last name, First initial. Middle initial (if any), nineteenth author's last name, First initial. Middle initial (if any), ... Last author's last name, First initial. Middle initial (if any), (Year of publication).TitlePublisher.

Citation example:

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., Author, C. C., Author, D. D., Author, E. E., Author, F. F., Author, G. G., Author, H. H., Author, I. I., Author, J. J., Author, K. K., Author, L. L., Author, M. M., Author, N. N., Author, O. O., Author, P. P., Author, Q. Q., Author, R. R., Author, S. S., . . . Author, Z. Z.. (year). Title. Publisher

Books with editor(s) rather than author(s)

Citation description:
Editor's last name, First initial. Middle initial (if any). (Ed.). (Year of publication). Title. Publisher.
Citation example:

Baughman, C., (Ed.). (1995). Women on ice: Feminist essays on the Tonya Harding/Nancy Kerrigan spectacle. Routledge.

Books without an author

Citation description:

Title of book (edition number if any)(Year of publication).:Publisher.

Citation example:

Longman dictionary of American English (3 rd. ed.). (2004)Pearson Education Ltd.

Chapter in a book with an editor

Citation description:

Author's last name, First initial. Middle initial (if any). (Year of publication). Title of Chapter or EssayIn Editor's first initial. Middle initial (if any). Last name. (Ed.), Title of book (pp. Page numbers for the chapter).   Publisher. 

Citation example:

Fox, A. A. (1993). Split subjectivity in country music and honky-tonk discourseIn G. H. Lewis (Ed.), All that glitters: Country music in America (pp.131-139)Bowling Green State University Popular Press.

An Issue of a Comic Book Series

Format:

Author's last name, First initial. Middle initial. . (Year of publication). Series title: Issue title (Issue number). Publisher.

Citation example:

Perez, G., Byrne, J, & Wein, L.. (2005).  Wonder Woman: Beauty and the beast (Issue 3). DC Comics.

Additional information

Please refer to the APA style manual Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (REF BF 76.7 P83 at Ready Reference Shelf), or apastyle.apa.org for more information about citing authors in the Reference List.

How to cite the DSM V in APA style

According to  Jeff Hume-Pratuch at apastyle.org, following is the citation format:

 

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.).

If you are citing the online version of the manual:

 

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (5th ed.). https://doi.org/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596
 

 

Individual chapters and other parts of the DSM–5 have been assigned DOIs. If you used the online edition of the DSM, give the DOI in the publisher position.

 

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Cautionary statement for forensic use of DSM-5. In Diagnostic and statistical manual of 
    mental disorders (5th ed.). https://dsm.psychiatryonline.org/doi/full/10.1176/appi.books.9780890425596.CautionaryStatement

For more information click here : apastyle.org