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MLA Citation Style 7th Edition: Putting Together the Works Cited List

What is a Work Cited List

  • The Works Cited list appears at the end of the paper on a separate page (or pages, if necesary). It lists the citations for all of the cited sources in alphabetical order according to the last name of the author. If no author is listed, alphabetize by the first word in the title (ignoring "A", "An" or "The" at the beginning of a title). Do not organize the citations by type of source.
  • Put the title, "Works Cited", at the beginning of the list.
  • In all cases, the citation begins with the author's name (last name first) whenever the author's name is listed. If the author's name is not given, the citation begins with the title of the work (book, article or other document).
  • The first line of each citation is not indented, but each line of each citation after the first line is indented (the opposite of a typical paragraph).
  • Skip a line between each citation.
  • Book, magazine, journal and newspaper titles are always italicized .
  • Article titles are always put in "quotations".
  • Subtitles are preceded by a colon ( : ).
  • All words in any titles (of books, articles or other documents) are capitalized , except the following parts of speech (when they are not the first word in a title or subtitle):
    • Articles ( a , an , the )
    • Prepositions (e.g., in , of , to , against , between )
    • Coordinating conjunctions ( and , but , for , nor , or , so , yet )
    • the to in infinitives (as in How to Play Chess )

Example:

Works Cited

Anderson, Craig A. "Effects of Violent Movies and Trait Hostility on Hostile Feelings and Aggressive Thoughts." Aggressive Behavior 23.3 (May-June 1997): 161+. Print.

Andrews, Sam. "Videos Not Blamed for Violence." Billboard 24 Jan. 1998: 82+. Print.

Bok, Sissela. Mayhem: Violence as Public Entertainment. Reading , MA : Addison-Wesley,1998. Print.

Brenner, Eric. "Ethical Issues: Citing Sources." Skyline College Library. 30 Mar. 2003. Web. 10 Apr. 2003. <http://www.skylinecollege.edu/library/citing.html>

Cesarone, Bernard. "Television Violence and Children." Childhood Education 75.1 (Fall 1998): 56+. Academic OneFile. Gale. Web. 18 Oct. 2002. <http://infotrac.galegroup.com>.

Doi, David. "Media and Juvenile Violence: The Connecting Threads." Nieman Reports (Winter 1998): 35. Academic Search Elite. EBSCOhost. Web. 9 July 1999. <http://search.epnet.com>.

Fording, Laura. "Violent Media and its Discontents." Newsweek 1 Dec. 2003. MSNBC News. Web. 1 Dec. 2003. <http://www.msnbc.com/news/999004.asp?0cv=KB20&cp1=1>.

Gibeaut, John. "Deadly Inspiration." ABA Journal June 1997: 62+. Print.

Goldstein, Jeffrey, ed. Why We Watch: The Attractions of Violent Entertainment. New York : Oxford UP, 1998. Print.

Hough, Kirstin J., and Philip G. Erwin. "Children's Attitudes Toward Violence on Television." Journal of Psychology 131.4 (July 1997): 411+. Academic Search Elite. EBSCOhost. Web. 9 July 1999. <http://search.epnet.com>.

Kellerman, Jonathan. "Violence Doesn't Begin in the Theater." Wall Street Journal 9 June 1999, eastern ed.: A26. ProQuest Newspapers. ProQuest. Web. 9 July 1999. <http://proquest.umi.com/pqdweb>.

Knowlton, Steven R. "Images of Violence: Ratchet Up? Or Ratchet Down?" News Photographer July 1999: S3. InfoTrac OneFile. Gale Group. Web. 8 Apr. 2001. <http://infotrac.galegroup.com>.

Lazar, Bonnie A. "The Lull of Tradition: A Grounded Theory Study of Television Violence, Children and Social Work." Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 15.2 (April 1998): 117+. Print.

---. "Old Battles, New Frontiers: A Study of Television Violence and Social Work with Children." Child and Adolescent Social Work Journal 13.6 (Dec. 1996): 527+. Print.

Levine, Madeline. Viewing Violence: How Media Violence Affects Your Child's and Adolescent's Development. New York : Doubleday, 1996. Print.

Males, Mike. "Who Us? Stop Blaming Kids and TV." Progressive Oct. 1997: 25+. Academic Search Elite. EBSCOhost. Web. 9 July 1999. <http://search.epnet.com>.

Mifflin, Lawrie. "Many Researchers Say Link is Already Clear on Media and Youth Violence." New York Times 9 May 1999, late ed., sec. 1: 23. Print.

Murray, John P., Eli A. Rubinstein, and George A. Comstock, eds. Television and Social Behavior, Reports and Papers: A Technical Report to the Surgeon General's Scientific Advisory Committee on Television and Social Behavior. Rockville , MD : National Institute of Mental Health, 1972. Print.

Sampson, John. Weather Makers. New York : Atlantis Press, 1999. Print.

Strasburger, Victor C. Adolescents and the Media: Medical and Psychological Impact. Developmental Clinical Psychology and Psychiatry, 33. Thousand Oaks , CA : Sage Publications, 1995. Print.

Tribe, Laurence. "The Internet vs. the First Amendment." Editorial. New York Times 28 Apr. 1999, late ed.: A29. Print.

"TV Violence." Center for Media Education. 9 Oct. 1997. Web. 9 July 1999. <http://www.cme.org/ctatool/violence.html>.

Wekesser, Carol, ed. Violence in the Media. Current Controversies. San Diego : Greenhaven Press, 1995. Print.