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MLA Citation Style 7th Edition: Audio/Video/Media

Film or Video Recording

Citation description:
Title. Dir. Director’s First Name Last Name. Optionally you may add narr. (narrated by), perf. (performers), prod. (produced by), writ. (written by). Original release date, if relevant. Distributor, Year of current release. Medium.

Citation examples:

Bioterror. Dir. Kirk Wolfinger. Prod. and Writer, Matthew Collins. WGBH Education Foundation, 2002. Videocassette.

Manufacturing Consent: Noam Chomsky and the Media. Dir. and Prod. Mark Achbar and Peter Wintonick. 1992. Zeitgeist Films, 2002. DVD.

The Tuxedo. Dir. Kevin Donovan. Prod. John H. Williams, and Adam Schroeder. Perf. Jackie Chan and Jennifer Love Hewitt. DreamWorks, 2002. Film.

Television or Radio Program

Citation description:
Title of specific program. Author, Director or Narrator. Title of Series. Producing company. Network. Broadcasting station (if from local station rather than directly from a network). Date of broadcast. Medium of reception (e.g., Radio , Television ).

Citation example:

"Cuba and Cocaine." Narr. Bill Moyers. Frontline. Documentary Consortium. PBS. WTVS, Miami. 18 Jan. 2002. Television.

Sound Recording

Citation description:
Artist, performer, composer, or conductor depending on which person is most responsible for the production or who you wish to emphasize. "Title of song" (if specifying.) Title of the recording (or the titles of the works included). Artist or artists (when distinct from a first-listed person or group). Manufacturer, year of issue (if the year is unknown, write n.d. ). Medium.

Citation examples:

song from a compact disc:

Coltrane, John. "Giant Steps." The Last Giant: The John Coltrane Anthology. Rhino, 1993. CD.

No composer shown:

Lewiston, David.Fiestas of Peru: Music of the High Ande. LP. Nonesuch Records, 1972. Audiocassette.

Composer and performer different:

Guthrie, Woody. Pete Seeger Sings Woody Guthrie. Perf. Pete Seeger. Audiocassette. Folkways, 1968. LP.

Online Video Clip, e.g. YouTube video

Citation description:
Filmmaker's name, if available. Title. Date of the video itself. Title of Web site. Date the video was posted on the site. Medium of publication. Date of viewing. <URL.>

Citation example:

Sherman Alexie Speaks. 3 Nov. 2007. YouTube. 9 Nov. 2007. Web. 23 Apr. 2008. <>.

Work of art

Citation description:
Artist’s name; the title of the artwork, italicized; the date of composition; the medium of composition (for instance, “Lithograph on paper,” “Photograph,” “Charcoal on paper”); and the institution and city in which the artwork is located. For artworks found online, omit the medium of composition and include the title of the Web site, the medium (“Web”), and your date of access.

Citation examples:
Constable, John. Dedham Vale. 1802. Oil on canvas. Victoria and Albert Museum, London.

Hessing, Valjean. Caddo Myth. 1976. Joslyn Art Museum, Omaha. Joslyn Art Museum. Web. 19 Apr. 2009.


Citation description:
Name the product or company being advertised, followed by the word “Advertisement.” Give publication information for the source in which the advertisement appears.

Citation examples:
Truth by Calvin Klein. Advertisement. Vogue Dec. 2000: 95-98. Print.

Arbella Insurance. Advertisement. NY Times, n.d. Web. 3 June 2009.