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Federal, Unitary & Confederate Government Systems: Home

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Please use the tabs to search for Books, Articles, Web Resources, and Videos. If you have any questions, do not hesitate to contact the Skyline College Librarians.

The three Systems

 Federal System

Power is shared by a powerful central government and states or provinces that are given considerable self-rule, usually through their own legislatures.
Examples: The United States, Australia, the Federal Republic of Germany.

Federal System

   Unitary System

One central government controls weaker states. Power is not shared between states, counties, or provinces.
Examples: China, United Kingdom (although Scotland has been granted self-rule).
   
  

Unitary System

 Confederal System    

Weak or loose organization of states agrees to follow a powerful central government. Nations can choose to follow or not follow the lead of the weak central government. Examples: The Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), formerly known as the Soviet Union. Also, Switzerland's canton system and the Confederate States of America (1861-1865).

Confederation System